Finding a new species of a two-winged fly for Slovakia does not happen on a daily basis (even though a Man named Mucha (fly) sometimes finds a new fly 🙂 .….)
But finding 14 of them, that is something!
Our scientists from the Department of Ecology at University of Prešov in Prešov and the Entomology Department of the National Museum in Praque can be proud of such a considerable success. In collaboration with more collectors, from whom they have gained a great many of entomologic material from the whole territory of Slovakia in the recent period, they could manage to find fourteen new species of flies for Slovakia and even new species for science (species that have not been registrated anywhere in the world and so they are or were unknown in science). All the species belong to the family of sandfly (scientifically called Psychodidae). They are tiny two-winged creatures only a few millimetres long and they markedly remind of butterflies. Their Slovak name – kútovky (pl., sg.-kút – means a corner) was probably implied from their behaviour. Their adults especially the synanthropic species (living close to people) like to sit in a various corners.
The discovery that really deserves our attention are already known but still extremely rare species which were only observed in several localities in the world to this day as well as the discovery of epidemiologically interesting sandflies which can transmit agents of various diseases or cause myiasis (diseases caused by larvae parasiting in a human body). The article about these discoveries was published in the scientific periodical and you can read it here …..
Several results are also expected in the field of the other two-winged flies families (in some cases preliminarily affirmed already). We will learn about the definite results later due to the time-consuming work … Only qualitative and particular study (which is unfortunatelly still not financed effectively in our country) is the basic condition for reaching noteworthy discoveries not only in Slovakia but also worldwide. This is also suggested by other notified issues of the scientists of the Department of Ecology in Prešov who work on both the study of two-winged flies and the study of the ecology of hydroecosystems and agroecosystems.
The author of the blog: Jozef Oboňa, Department of Ecology FHNS UP
Translated by Mgr. Iveta Zubková.